London Docks – Best Places to Visit in London
London Docks is a fascinating place to visit. Though most of the docklands have been redeveloped, centuries of history cannot be forgotten.
The London Docks were one of several sets of docks in the historic Port of London. They were constructed in Wapping downstream from the City of London between 1799 and 1815, at a cost exceeding £5½ million. Traditionally ships had docked at wharves on the River Thames, but by this time, more capacity was needed.
They were the closest docks to the City of London, until St Katharine Docks were built two decades later. At the London Dock in the 1820s, the Customs employed around 250 men and the Excise around 200.
The London Docks occupied a total area of about 30 acres (120,000 m²), consisting of Western and Eastern docks linked by the short Tobacco Dock.
The Western Dock was connected to the Thames by Hermitage Basin to the south west and Wapping Basin to the south.
The Eastern Dock connected to the Thames via the Shadwell Basin to the east. The principal designers were the architects and engineers Daniel Asher Alexander and John Rennie.
The docks specialised in high-value luxury commodities such as ivory, spices, coffee and cocoa as well as wine and wool, for which elegant warehouses and wine cellars were constructed.
In 1864 they were amalgamated with St Katharine Docks.
The system was never connected to the railway network. Together with the rest of the enclosed docks, the London Docks were taken over by the Port of London Authority in 1909.
The docks were finally closed to shipping in 1969 and sold to the borough of Tower Hamlets, which filled in the western portion of the London Docks with the (unrealised) intention of turning them into public housing estates.
The land was still largely derelict when it was acquired in 1981 by the London Docklands Development Corporation (LDDC).
- References –
- London Canal Museum
- London Museum Docklands
- London Docks – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia